Laptops are fairly limited in what you can do to make them run faster and this is mainly due to space. Unlike desktops, laptops are generally designed for moving around and are therefore much thinner and lighter. This sacrifice means there’s very little you can actually replace. But there are several things you can do to speed them up.
Upgrade Your RAM
RAM (Random Access Memory) is the temporary storage memory used by your laptop. The more programs you use, the more RAM you need, and the slower your computer will be if you don’t have enough. If you have a 32-bit system, your machine will only support a maximum of 3GB of RAM. If you have a 64-bit operating system, we recommend a minimum of 6GB of RAM.
Install a solid state drive
Hard drives are the biggest cause of slow speeds. SSDs have read and write speeds many times greater than classic hard disks, and whilst they are not cheap, the performance benefits can be felt throughout your laptop. Before purchasing an SSD, do check that it's possible to get inside the laptop and that your model of laptop is compatible with the SSD. Do note that switching out the SSD in your laptop will void your warranty.
Uninstall unused programs
New laptops come with a whole load of programs you will never use (you probably don’t even know they exist). To remove them, open the Control Panel’s Programs and Features page and look through the list of installed software. Uninstall those that you do not need, but do be careful to leave programs that your laptop’s hardware needs (in general their publisher will be listed as the PC maker’s name or as Microsoft).
Delete temporary files
Temporary files, such as cookies and browser history build up on your computer every day and can remain on your hard disk, slowing the computer down. To free up hard drive space, delete these files by going to “My Computer”, and select your local drive (usually C:\). Select the “Windows” folder and then open the folder titled “Temp”. Right-click on the folder, and in the “View” options, choose “Details”. Select all the files that are older than the current date and delete them. Then empty the Recycle Bin on your desktop.
Run a disk defragment and a disk clean-up
Disk Defragment is a way of reconfiguring how your hard drive stores information for maximum efficiency. Disk Clean-Up searches through the system for unnecessary large files such as temporary Internet files, program installers, etc. In Windows 10, both “Defragment & Optimise Drives” and “Disk Clean-Up” can be found within the Windows Administrative Tools programme. Or simply search for them using Cortana.